- Orientation - portrait vs. landscape: depends on what you are emphasizing (e.g., trees are vertical; therefore, use portrait).
- Asymmetrical composition: place the subject anywhere other than the middle.
- Fore-, middle, background: we don’t want flat pictures. The goal is to let the eye to take a journey though the photograph. We don’t always have to add foreground though.
- Horizon placement: placing the subject in the middle = dull.
- Add interest (people, paths, tree, sky, etc): you can use a zoom lens to add/subtract things from picture.
- Avoid busyness: too much foreground detracts from the subject.
- Crop images: either in camera or in post production to emphasize the subject.
- Use a tripod or monopod: to maintain focus/sharpness.
- Control depth of field: lower the f-stop to create a blurry background, while keeping the subject in focus.
- Use focus to soften the image: create a dreamy effect by deliberately making the picture slightly out of focus.
- Use polarizing filters: especially if u shoot outdoors, polarizers create more contrast (particularly in the sky/clouds).
- Bracket exposures: if uncertain which settings look best, bracket.
- Use fill flash: for example, if near a window, the camera will focus on the light coming through, leaving the subject in the dark. Use flash to light the subject.
- Control image placement: redundant topic to “asymmetrical composition” (above).
- Use framing effect: used a tree to frame mountains.
- Create eye lines: want to move eyes through a picture, like following a river’s path.
- Shoot early and late: shoot when light is the most interesting (mornings and afternoons/twilight/dusk).
Wednesday, June 1, 2011
Review: "Image Composition" by Taz Tally
I watched a 20-minute video clip on lynda.com titled “Taz’s Guide to Shooting Fundamentals: Image Composition” (which is part of Taz Tally's "Digital Photography Principles"). Taz briefly discusses the significance of the following concepts: